How to identify trees by their leaves

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how to identify trees by their leaves

How to identify trees by their leaves

Hello! In this tutorial, we are going to learn how to identify some of our most common tree by their leaves. Specifically, we will learn how to identify leaves by their shape. Are you ready? Lets get started!

(To help make it easier for you, I have divided the leaves into groups, so you can use these quick links to jump where you need to go x)

Star-shaped leaves

Norway maple leaf

Norway maple

Norway maple leaves are sharp at the tips compared to field maple and sycamore.

field maple leaf

Field maple

Field maple leaves are much rounder at the tips and smaller than Norway maple and sycamore.

sycamore leaf

Sycamore

Sycamore leaves are softer at the tips than sycamore, but sharper than field maple.

Palmate (hand-like) leaves

horse chestnut leaf

Horse chestnut

Horse chestnuts are the most common tree you are likely to find with characteristically hand-shaped leaves.

Spiky leaves

holly

Holly

Holly trees have dark, shiny, very spiky leaves. Another spiky shrub (and a garden run away), is mahonia.

Lobed or wavy leaves

oak leaf

Oak

Oak trees have distinctively lobed leaves, often very gnarled, spreading branches – and a helpful clue – acorns!

hawthorn leaf

Hawthorn

Hawthorn trees are usually a dense tangle of lichen-covered, shrubs with thorny branches.

Pinnate (or feather-like) leaves

identifying ash leaves

Ash

Ash trees have thin leaflets, often more than 5 to a stem and clustered at the tips of the branches.

elder leaves

Elder

Elder leaves are rounder than ash and often darker and thicker. In addition, it is a more-shrub-like plant.

rowan

Rowan

Rowan trees have skinny, leaflets with saw-like edges. They also often have white lichen spots on their bark.

Leaf-shaped leaves

beech leaves

Beech

Beech tree leaves are quintessentially ‘leaf’ shaped and leathery. They are often slightly wavy around the edges.

hornbeam leaf

Hornbeam

Hornbeam leaves might look like beech leaves, but they have deep  valleys between their veins.

identifying wych elm

Wych elm

Wych elm leaves can be spotted by their asymmetrical leaf base and their pointy (sometimes 3 pointed) tip.

Round leaves

identifying aspen leaves

Aspen

Aspen leaves are  rounded (sometimes slightly pointed), very  delicate-looking leaves with gently-waving edges.

hazel leaf

Hazel

Hazel leaves are larger than aspen with a marked tip. They are also narrow at the base, wider at the top.

linden leaves

Linden

Linden leaves look like upside down hearts, with a curved base, wide middle and widely pointed tip.

How do you identify trees by their leaves?

Sometimes (but not always) one of the easiest ways to identify a tree is by looking at its leaves. Your clues are the shape, size, margins, tips and bases and arrangement of the leaves. This might sound like a lot of things to look at, but really, usually, you only need to focus on two things – the arrangement of the leaves and their shape. These help you to narrow the leaf down. Then, the extra details like the margins, tips and bases just provide extra clues to help you confirm what it is.

The two types of leaf arrangement

When looking at leaves, I like to start wide and then move in and the best way to start wide with leaves, is by looking at their arrangement and how they attach to the branches or stems. There are two types of leaf arrangement: simple and compound.

Simple leaves are individual leaves, each with their own special connection to the twig or tree branch. While, compound leaves are a group of leaves which join together and share a connection to the tree branch. These can be further divided into pinnate and palmate.

Pinnate-type compound leaves consist of individual leaflets that join along a main stem and attach to the branch via the main stem. While, palmate-type compound leaves are individual leaflets that radiate out and join in one central point, from which a shared stem then emerges to attach them to the tree branch.

hawthorn leaf

Simple leaf

identifying ash leaves

Pinnate leaf

horse chestnut leaf

Palmate leaf

Summary

Well… there we go! A summary of how to identify some of our most common trees by their leaves. Hopefully, you should now be able to confidently look at some of our most common leaves and name their tree! (Just remember, there are many, many different trees – all with different leaves – and I have only covered a few of them here.)

P.S. If you did enjoy this tutorial, don’t forget to subscribe below to be notified of new tutorials and Nature Nook events x

Check out my recommended field guides

Disclaimer: Please note, these guides are affiliate links, so I may recieve a small commission if you choose to purchase any item. This will not affect the price you pay, but it will help me keep this site going x

My Nature Nook

Hello, I’m Leila! I help aspiring herbalists to grow their nature knowledge and deepen their Nature connection. Learn more…

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